Cannabis 101: Terms You Should Know

Oct 13, 2020

Cannabis 101: Terms You Should Know

Are you new to cannabis and curious to learn more about its other popular terms like hash, kief, and dab? We’ve compiled a glossary of terminology and definitions to serve as your quick reference guide as you explore the world of cannabis!

Access Point 

Also referred to as a marijuana or cannabis dispensary, an access point is a safe and authorized location where people can purchase various legal cannabis products. They also educate and inform clients about cannabis use and are typically highly-regulated.


The term aroma is frequently used to broadly illustrate the scent or taste of a particular cannabis strain or flower, which can be a way to help you identify the terpenes present. For instance, cannabis strains that have a distinct citrus aroma are usually high in limonene, which is associated with lifting the mood and boosting digestion.


A bong is a water pipe used for smoking cannabis that can be made of glass, ceramic, metal, or wood. It is designed with a small bowl that holds the dried cannabis, which you light up. As it combusts, the water at the bottom of the bong bubbles and cools the smoke. As you inhale, the smoke rises up from the water, entering the chamber, which funnels into your mouth and finally, to your lungs.

Butane Hash Oil (BHO) 

BHO is a powerful cannabinoid concentrate created by infusing a solvent (butane) by dissolving the marijuana plant. BHO, which also goes by the name dabs or honey oil (because of its consistency and colour), has an incredibly high THC content. See: dab/dabbing for more information.

A man rolling a blunt


A blunt is grinded, dried flower rolled into a cigar or blunt wrapper. They’re generally larger in size so they tend to burn longer than joints. These wrappers are made with tobacco and add an extra buzz to your high in comparison to other cannabis consumption methods.


The bud is another word for the flowers of the mature marijuana plant that are either dried or cured. The buds are the actual nuggets that you grind up and smoke.


A budtender is a person tending the storefront of a dispensary or access point, where a wide range of medical or recreational cannabis is sold. Their job is to provide educational information about the different strains, their effects, and guide the consumer on their cannabis journey. They’re experts at making suggestions based on each individual’s preferences and desired high.

Cannabidiol (CBD) 

CBD is the second most prevalent cannabinoid found in cannabis. All cannabinoids produce effects in the body by interacting with cannabinoid receptors, which form the endocannabinoid (EC) system. The body produces two types of receptors: CB1 and CB2. THC activates the CB1 receptors but CBD blocks the CB1 receptors so that the system doesn’t experience any intoxicating impact. By itself, CBD does not cause a psychoactive “high,” however, it’s known to cause feelings described as a “body high.”


Cannabinoids are the naturally occurring chemical compounds only found in the cannabis plant. With over 480 compounds in the plant only around 100 are classified as cannabinoids. Two of the most popular cannabinoids are delta-9-tetrahydrocannabinol (THC) and cannabidiol (CBD).


Cannabis is a flowering plant genus best known for its psychoactive properties. It has three types of species: Sativa, Indica, and hybrids. Cannabis originally hails from Asia but is now widely grown and cultivated in different countries around the world.


Cannabutter is cannabis-infused butter. It is the main ingredient used in several edible cannabis-infused recipes, particularly baked goods. 


Concentrates refer to products with the purest and highest levels of THC in them. BHO oil is an example of cannabis concentrate.


Dabs are potent cannabis concentrates. It is produced by extracting THC and other cannabinoids from a marijuana plant and dissolving it in a solvent like butane. The consistency varies depending on the method of manufacturing, ranging from sticky oils to wax. Dabbing is the act of vaporizing dabs using a dab rig. Dabs are usually more flavourful and clean-tasting than the marijuana bud.


Edibles are cannabis-infused food items and beverages. They can come in the form of baked goods (cookies, brownies, and cakes), confectionery, chocolates, flavoured drinks, coffees, and teas. Edibles are highly-recommended for first-time users who don’t want to smoke or vape.


Short for hashish, hash is a cannabis concentrate that can either be vaporized or smoked. It is commonly produced by pressing or rubbing the resin glands of the cannabis plant several times to create a roll, slab, or brick pieces.


Joints are made by grinding and placing cannabis into thin, rolling paper, which can be made from hemp, rice, wood, pulp, or flax. They can be rolled manually by hand or using a machine.


Kief, which is also known as dry sift, refers to the white powder or crystal-like formation of trichomes that can be found on the leaves and buds of the marijuana plant. Kief can be harvested from the plant itself and has a much stronger effect than cannabis flowers. Pure, high-quality kief has a distinctly light colour.


Kush is a particular variety of the Cannabis indica species that hail from the Hindu Kush Mountains of the Afghanistan and Pakistan borders. It has a signature earthy aroma with smooth herbaceous and floral notes when smoked or inhaled.

Dried cannabis in a clear jar


THC stands for delta-9-tetrahydrocannabinol (THC), a type of cannabinoid best known for its psychoactive effects or the “high” when people use cannabis for pleasure. An important communications system was discovered in the brain and body, known as the endocannabinoid (EC) system. The EC system works by using neurons in the brain to send chemical messages to the cannabinoid receptors. This system is found in many areas of the brain which explains why THC has varying effects on different body functions. When someone smokes cannabis, THC gets into the brain rapidly and attaches to the cannabinoid receptors, interrupting the natural EC system and thus resulting in psychoactive effects.


Tinctures are powerful liquid extracts produced by steeping dried cannabis in alcohol or glycerol. Cannabis-based tinctures are dosed using a dropper and consumed sublingually under the tongue, directly into the bloodstream, or by mixing a few drops in your drink. Its full effects can be felt within 20 to 30 minutes.


Topical cannabis products are focused on therapeutic effects as they are absorbed into the skin. They can help relieve ailments such as arthritis and muscle pain. Cannabis-enriched lotions, oils, salves, transdermal creams, and patches are excellent examples of topicals. 


A vaporizer is an electronic device used to consume cannabis by vaping. It heats the herb, concentrate, or oil to a specific temperature (between 356 and 374 degrees Fahrenheit) to extract cannabinoids, without releasing the harmful carcinogenic substances, such as tar, making it a safer alternative to smoking.

Have you got anything to add to our list of helpful cannabis terms or any questions regarding hash, kief, dabs or any other terms you learned today? We’d love to hear from you. Don’t hesitate to shoot us a message, and a friendly member of our team will get back to you shortly.